Kebo Bule, Symbols Keraton Surakarta Tradition Agriculture
In the book chronicles the work of Raden Mas Solo (RM) Said, kebo Caucasian ancestry is an animal or pet klangenan Pakubowono II, since the palace is still in Kartasura, about 10 kilometers west of the palace that now.
According to a famous poet Kasunanan Keraton Surakarta, Yosodipuro, ancestor of the buffalo with a typical skin color, namely Caucasian (white slightly reddish), was a gift from Regent Roxburgh told Pakubowono II, which is applied as a front line lampah (guardian) of a heritage palace named Kyai Slamet. Just a note, until now the palace was never willing to explain what form of inheritance is Kyai Slamet.
"Because the duty to maintain and guard the heirloom Kyai Slamet, then society becomes mistakenly called kebo Caucasians as Kebo Kyai Slamet,''said Deputy Pengageng Sasono Wilopo Keraton Surakarta, Kanjeng Raden Aryo (KRA) Winarno Kusumo,
Perhaps, when Pakubuwono II find a location for a new palace, in 1725, ancestor-kebo kebo bule is disposed of, and the journey followed the palace courtiers, until eventually stopped in what is now Kasunanan Keraton Surakarta, about 500 meters south of the Office Solo City Hall.
For the people of Solo, and surrounding towns, such as Karanganyar, Sragen, Boyolali, Klaten, Sukoharjo, and Wonogiri, Kebo Bule Kyai Slamet is no longer a strange animal. Every night 1 Sura by pengganggalan Java, or the night of 1 Muharam according to Islamic calendar (Hijra), a herd of sacred kebo is always dikirab, a beak lampah a number of heritage palace.
1 Sura carnival night ritual itself is very long-awaited community. Thousands of people spilling out around the palace, also on the streets to be traversed carnival. Society believes will get a blessing from the palace when watching carnival.
Carnival itself lasts middle of the night, usually right at midnight, depending on the "willingness" of kebo Kyai Slamet. Because, sometimes sacred kebo just out of the cage after 01.00. Carnival puasaka entirely is highly dependent on sacred kebo Kyai Slamet. If the time comes, usually without having herded flocks kebo Caucasians will run from the cage toward the palace pages. Thus, the carnival began. Keerbau sacred herd will be in the vanguard, guarding the palace Kyai Slamet heritage of the servants who brought the palace. The crowd was menyemut from the palace to travel along the procession passed.
And this is interesting: those addressing the sanctity buffalo Kyai Slamet such a way that tends to not make sense. They run to follow the procession, fight each other trying to touch or be touched by the body kebo Caucasians. Not enough to touch the body kebo, these people continued to walk behind the water buffalo, waiting for a flock of albino kebo pooping. Once the dirt fell into the street, people were fighting each other to get it. It makes no sense indeed. But they believed that the dung of the buffalo will give blessings, safety, and abundant good fortune. They called the fight over the dung as a blessing or a tradition of seeking blessings ngalap Kyai Slamet.
Why it is herd kebo Caucasians is becoming a major figure in the tradition of carnival night 1 Sura ritual?
According to the Head of Surakarta Palace Pustoko Sasono Gustavo Prince Haryo (GPH) Puger, carnival heritage and buffaloes in fact rooted in the tradition before the advent of the Kingdom of Mataram (Islam), the ritual procession Wilujengan village. Heritage and the buffalo is a symbol of salvation. In the early period of the kingdom of Mataram, heritage and buffalo are both named Kyai Slamet, issued only in emergency situations, namely when pageblug (disease outbreaks) and natural disasters.
"Heritage and the buffalo is expected to give strength to the community. With the ritual procession, the Lord will give salvation and strength, just as He gives strength to the heritage of the Java community is believed to have power, "he said.
While historians of the State University of Eleven March (UNS) in Solo, Sudarmono, said, in addition to close to the life of farmers, figures buffalo coloring is much historical kingdom in Java. During the Kingdom of Demak, for example, a buffalo named Kebo Marcuet rampage and not a single soldier who could beat him. Because the disturbing, the kingdom held a contest: whoever could beat him would be appointed to Senopati.
Surprisingly, Jake Tingkir or Mas Karen was able to defeat Kebo Marcuet with his cane. Mas Karen later marry the daughter of King Sultan Demak Trenggono, and eventually took over power.
"Jake really Tingkir Kebo Kenongo descent, who defeated King Pengging Hindu Kingdom of Demak. The transfer of power from Demak to the Display, which is close Pengging, is Joko Tingkir effort to restore the kingdom to the influence of power-laden inland agrarian tradition, "he said.
From history, continued Sudarmono, buffalo is always used as a tool legitimize royal power. "In an agrarian culture, buffalo, symbolizing the power of farmers. Buffalo figures presented in the procession, followed by the courtiers and the people, really want to show the legitimacy of the palace of the people, mostly farmers. "
Occurrences bule kebo Kyai Slamet in the carnival, said Sudarmono, is a blend of legend and sage (which deify folklore animals). In the history periodization approach, the figure of foreigners suspected to be present during kebo Pakubowono (PB) VI in the XVII century. PB VI is considered to be the king who rebelled the Dutch colonial power and was exiled to Ambon.
"Although PB VI exiled to Ambon, but the spirit of rebellion and courage to support its people. In a warning to the throne, as well as the turn of the year in the Javanese calendar nights 1 Sura, emerging creativity brings kebo figure believed to be the incarnation of Caucasian heritage Kyai Slamet in carnival heritage, "added Sudarmono.
On the other hand Puger said, the Keraton Surakarta never claimed tlethong (dirt) buffalo could bring blessings. "If tlethong considered to fertilize rice fields as fertilizer can be made, it is still accepted sense. But we understand this as a way to create community media to make a request. They just need a spirit to rise up. "
Winarno revealed, at this time amounted to 12 kebo bule palace tail. However kebo Caucasians believed to be the original descendants of Kyai Slamet own until now only the remaining six tails. They are bulging Kiai, Joko Semengit, Debleng Sepuh, Sepuh Sweet, Sweet Youth, and Young Debleng.
"The carnival is usually the leader of Kiai bulging, because he as the eldest male descendants of Kyai Slamet pure. Called a pure lineage, because they and the parent-parent had no contact with buffalo village. "
Kyai bulging itself has a younger brother named Kyai Bagong. However, Winarno said, buffalo are currently located in the area of Solo Baru, Sukoharjo, and for reasons that are reluctant to mention, kebo Caucasians can not be brought back to the Palace of Surakarta.
From the first, a herd of sacred kebo does have a lot of uniqueness. This buffalo herd, for example, often travel to distant places in search of food, without being followed courtiers who served feed. They often get to Cilacap, a distance of over 100 km from Solo, or Madiun in East Java. But strangely, the New Year ahead of Java, which is 1 or 1 Sura Hijri, they will return to the palace because it will follow the ritual of carnival heritage.
Winarno added, night 1 Sura means a lot to the Javanese, because not only has a physical dimension change of the year, but also has a spiritual dimension. Most of the Javanese believe, that the changes in Java signifies a new phase in the cosmic order of life of Java, primarily agrarian society.
Well, the role of Kyai Slamet kebo bule is a symbol of strength which is practically used as an agricultural processing equipment, the source of livelihood for the people of Java. Beyond that, the water buffalo generally also have high value in a ritual, not just in the Surakarta palace, but also in Sulawesi, Kalimantan, so that the material he became a symbol of glory and fertility. An aspiration to be established by the king and his subjects.
"Kyai Slamet is a vision of the King. Literally, the vision of Surakarta Palace, which is to bring safety, prosperity, and security for its people, "said Winarno. (Ganug Nugroho Adi)